Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Zina McGee & Tiffany Latham & Sophia Buxton
In an effort to explain high rates of crime and violence among African Americans, some criminologists have used the colonial model to analyze the effects of race and social class and their interactive effect on specific attitudes and behaviors. The model has its foundations in the work of Frantz Fanon, who examined relations between majority and minority groups in colonial settings. According to this perspective, colonization occurs when one group forcibly takes over the country of another group. During this process, those who are colonized are then forced to adhere to the norms of the colonizer. As a result, the colonized are exposed to a different set of cultural standards that become the standard by which the native group will be measured. However, the colonized are then forced to exist within a colonial society with limited resources. Scholars argue that Black crime can emerge as a result of the political ...