Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: August 17, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959216 | Print ISBN: 9781412959209 | Online ISBN: 9781412959216| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
India, Science and Science Communication In
Chandra Mohan Nautiyal
India is a large, populous, and ancient country with great geographical diversity. Inhabited by 1.2 billion people over 3,287,263 square kilometers, India has a long history in culture and in science and technology (S&T), dating back to at least 2,750 years BCE. Under British influence via the East India Company from 1600 to 1773 and thereafter the British Empire, India attained independence in 1947 and became a republic in 1950. Although the motive is debatable, the period under the British also saw the introduction of the English language, which opened a new window that certainly made a substantial difference to Indian science. With considerable emphasis on keeping society informed in relevant matters of S&T and promoting scientific thinking, science communication is gaining importance. Scientists command respect in Indian society. Three of the 40 recipients of the highest Indian civilian order, Bharat Ratna (or Gem of India), belong to the scientific ...