Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: August 17, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959216 | Print ISBN: 9781412959209 | Online ISBN: 9781412959216| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
East Asia, Science Communication In
Although located in the same area, societies in East Asia have very different political and economic systems, which also make their patterns of science communication divergent. What follows is an introduction to science communication in a few of the major societies in East Asia. Since the May 4th movement in 1919, which introduced the concepts of science and democracy to the Chinese people, science has gradually taken the upper hand in China's public discourse, particularly after the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. In the 1970s and 1980s, a popular saying in China was that one could succeed anywhere with learned scientific knowledge. Guosheng Wu, director of Center of Science Communication at Peking University (CSCPU), called such worship of science “scienti-cism.” The Communist Party has been a fervent adherent to such scienticism and has devoted much effort the popularization of science and technology (or PST), which ...