Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kenneth I. Mavor
Homosexuality is a sexual orientation in which one experiences sexual attraction primarily toward members of one's own sex and is also sexual behavior with partners of the same sex. The prefix homo- is from the Greek word for “same.” The general term gay , and the gender-specific terms gay man and lesbian , are commonly used to describe people who identify as homosexual. Homosexuality contrasts with heterosex-uality, the sexual attraction to members of the other sex, and bisexuality, where there is sexual attraction to members of both sexes. A variation on these categories derives from the work of Alfred Kinsey and colleagues in the late 1940s. Kinsey allowed people to describe their sexual interests on ...