Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Mortality rates provide information about deaths in a population. The most basic measure, crude death rate (CDR), is the number of deaths in a population per 1,000 individuals in that population in a given year. CDR is an inadequate, and sometimes misleading, descriptor of mortality because it obscures populations' age and sex structures. In order to understand who is dying and when, mortality rates need to be broken down into meaningful categories. Age, sex, cause of death, race/ethnicity, social relations, geographical factors, socioeconomic status, and human and environmental hazards can all influence levels of mortality. Due to age-specific patterns of mortality, age-specific and age-standardized rates are ...