Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Poverty, Children Worldwide
According to the UN Children's Fund, worldwide, about 1 billion children currently live in poverty. Of these children, 674 million are living in absolute poverty. Further, the International Labor Organization estimates that 218 million children engage in some form of illegal, hazardous, or exploitative child labor. The Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS estimates that 143 million orphans live in Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Caribbean, and that every minute a child under age 15 dies of an AIDS-related illness. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 10 million children under age 5 die each year from preventable or treatable diseases, such as diarrhea, malaria, measles, and pneumonia, while more than half of that number die from malnutrition. Clearly, as these statistics demonstrate, millions of children around the world live in poverty and are subject to exclusion, vulnerability, disease, and exploitation. However, child poverty is not only a phenomenon ...