Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Prostitution, known as the world's oldest profession, exists in all countries and cultures, and is as old as recorded history. Prostitution consists of male or female exchange of sex or sexual intimacy for money or resources such as food, shelter, or clothing. It can take the form of street prostitution, escort prostitution, sex tourism, and a host of other varied forms. Prostitutes solicit customers at street corners or provide sexual services at the customers' residences, in hotel rooms, or in brothels. A new and growing form of prostitution involves sexual services in developing countries for wealthy tourists from developed countries. Since most prostitutes are women, prostitution is a highly controversial issue in feminist thought and activism. Generally speaking, there are five camps of feminists who express their strong views on prostitution. The first camp is anti-sex feminists such as Andrea Dworkin and Catharine MacKinnon. Proponents of this view claim The ...