Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Often misunderstood and misplaced historically, Black Nationalism (most often directly or indirectly interwoven with Pan-Africanist thought and practice) has its U.S. origins in the 19th century with Paul Cuffe's (1759–1817) “Back to Africa” voyage of 1815, whereby he sailed to Sierra Leone and founded a colony with 38 free African Americans. This form of self-determination received further emphasis over the following 100 years with the works and lives of several key Black Nationalists: David Walker (1795–1830), Martin R. Delany (1812–85), Henry Highland Garnet (1815–82), Edward Wilmot Blyden (1832–1912), and Bishop Henry McNeil Turner (1834–1915). However, unlike those who wanted to resettle in Africa, Walker felt a strong desire for his people to stay and fight in ...