Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Split Labor Market
Noelle J. Mole
The term split labor market comes from Edna Bonacich's landmark study of how the differential price of labor for competing ethnic or racial groups plays a role in the creation of ethnic antagonism and conflict. Within a capitalist market economy, the combination of key factors such as employers' imperative to maintain a cheap labor supply and competing ethnic groups who draw from diverse and limited resources, in turn, results in a mulfitiered labor market, ethnic antagonism, and sometimes violence between these groups. This important 1972 study moves beyond explanatory models of ethnic antagonism that focus exclusively on religious and linguistic differences, skin color, and cultural learning and examines instead how conflicts are ...