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Encyclopedia of Sports Management and Marketing

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Encyclopedia of Sports Management and Marketing

Linda E. Swayne & Mark Dodds

Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: August 25, 2011 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412994156 | Print ISBN: 9781412973823 | Online ISBN: 9781412994156 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Allocentric versus Psychocentric

Alice Kahrs

Allocentric and psychocentric are personality types that will determine not only how a person participates in sport and recreation, but also his or her stance on participation in life. Stanley Plog developed a model of allocentricity and psychocentricity for the tourism industry in 1972. He presented these two personality traits as the opposite ends of a continuum of traits. Psychocentric refers to people who are nervous, not adventurous, self-inhabited, and like structure. On the other end of the spectrum are those who are allocentric, or outgoing, curious, self-confident explorers. Applying this model to sports, psychocentric participants are those who look for structured sports with rules, little risk, and someone to ...

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