Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
AFTER SCIENTISTS BASED at the University of Wisconsin revealed that they had successfully harvested embryonic stem cells from human embryos, several states rapidly responded with either support or bans on related research. Arkansas is one of the states to ban such research. In 2003, Arkansas, along with North and South Dakota, completely banned all forms of cloning, even if related to stem cell research and therapies. Types of cloning include reproductive cloning as well as somatic cell nuclear transfer, which is also called therapeutic cloning. Arkansas law prohibits research on an aborted live fetus but allows research on a fetus that was aborted and born dead. Cloned embryos are outlawed, as is the sale of a fetus or fetal material. Opponents of providing a monetary reward for the production ...