Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
President's Council on Bioethics
Michèle R. Davidson
BIOETHICS COMPRISES THE ethical issues involving the science of biology as it pertains to the practice of medicine. Bioethicists are concerned with a variety of ethical questions that involve relationships among the life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, philosophy, and theology. The president of the United States is faced with multiple bioethical issues as technology in the bioscience and medical fields continues to evolve. The Office of the President of the United States frequently appoints specialized task forces made up of experts in particular fields to offer advice and guidance on complex issues. On November 28, 2001, President George W. Bush appointed a group of experts in the bioethical field to advise his administration. The Council on Bioethics was formed by an executive order, with members being directly appointed by the president himself. The chairperson is also directly named by the president. Although the group collaborates on issues, they The ...