Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
ROCKEFELLER UNIVERSITY IS a private university that focuses primarily on basic research in the bio—medical fields and offers both graduate and postgraduate education. It is located in New York City. Its current president is Paul Nurse. Twenty—three Nobel Prize winners have been associated with the university, which has been the site of many important scientific breakthroughs. Rockefeller scientists, for example, established that DNA is the chemical basis of heredity, discovered blood groups, showed that viruses can cause cancer, founded the modern field of cell biology, worked out the structure of antibodies, developed metha—done maintenance for people addicted to heroin, devised the AIDS cocktail drug therapy, and identified the weight—regulating hormone leptin. Rockefeller University is widely recognized as a center of innovation in research on embryonic stem cells. Rockefeller scientists introduced the first reliable culture method to maintain human embryonic stem cells in a pluripotent state without the use of mouse—derived ...