Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
THE UNITED KINGDOM encompasses the countries of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom has a long history of scientific advances in human development. The results of research in the United Kingdom have included the first child born using in vitro fertilization technology, in 1978, and the first cloned mammal (a sheep named Dolly), as well as the creation of human embryos through parthenogenesis. Because of the potential conflicts arising from the very nature of stem cell technology (ethical, scientific, and potential health benefits), the Warnock Committee was tasked with determining guidelines for research on stem cells, human embryos, fetuses, and cloning within the United Kingdom. With so many advances being made in stem cell research and the field of embryology, the United Kingdom has placed itself at the forefront of this research, with government support, appropriate legislation and funding, strong scientific research foundation, public support of The ...