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Encyclopedia of Stem Cell Research

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Encyclopedia of Stem Cell Research

Clive N. Svendsen & Allison D. Ebert

Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2008 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963954 | Print ISBN: 9781412959087 | Online ISBN: 9781412963954 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Clinical Trials outside U.S.: Spinal Cord Injury

Claudia Winograd

THE CENTRAL NERVOUS system, which includes the spinal cord, is abundant with factors that inhibit outgrowth and therefore regeneration of nerves. Thus, spinal cord injury has limited therapeutic options. Numerous clinical trials around the globe are carried out to find the way to induce nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury and therefore at least partially restore sensory and/or motor function to the injury patient. As of current knowledge, there is not a way of stimulating regeneration in the spinal cord and thus restoring sensory and motor function in people with spinal cord injuries, but researchers are working to gain a better understanding of the impeding factors and thus a way around them. Recently, an international society was established to improve the prognosis for spinal cord injury (SCI) patients by discovering effective treatment measures in a ...

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