Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971973 | Print ISBN: 9781412914321 | Online ISBN: 9781412971973| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Doracie B. Zoleta-Nantes
Metro Manila is the national capital region of the Philippines. In 2007, the Economics and Statistics Office of the National Statistical Coordination Board reported that it generates 33 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). It has more than 11.5 million residents, which is 13 percent of the country's total population. This entry traces Metro Manila's colonial and historical past and its integration into the world trading system during the Spanish and American periods. It elaborates on a number of socioeconomic gains and environmental conditions that are associated with its present-day urbanization and spatial development. Maynila was referred to as the Muslim Kingdom of Luzon on the eastern shores of Manila Bay before the fourteenth century. Accounts of dynamic trading activities in Maynila had caught the interest of Spanish conquistadores in the middle of the sixteenth century. They attempted to vanquish it on many occasions; on May 19, Intramuros ...