Juvenile Offending and Victimization
Adrienne Freng & Terrance J. Taylor
Substantial research investigating offending and victimization has found that they may be intertwined. High rates of victimization and offending exist among juvenile populations, and studies have made clear that these categories are not mutually exclusive. Most of the research has focused on one or the other of these phenomena, however, rather than the relationship between delinquency and victimization. The connection between juvenile offending and victimization has been established. What is less clear is how victimization and offending are linked. That is, does offending result in victimization, or does victimization lead to offending? And, are these relationships reciprocal, or are there other factors that explain both offending and victimization? There is strong support for the idea that participation in delinquency is related to an elevated risk of victimization. Many victims of violence have histories of serious delinquency. Victimization also appears to be a risk factor for offending, especially for committing violent ...