Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: October 18, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412979344 | Print ISBN: 9781412960830 | Online ISBN: 9781412979344| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this handbook
Chapter 2: The Development of Children's Perceptions of Leadership
Kimberlee Salmond & Paula Fleshman
The development of children's perceptions of leadership Over the past 2 decades, a number of studies have focused on the relationship between gender and leadership, specifically leadership style (Eagly, 2005; Eagly, Johannesen-Schmidt, & van Engen, 2003; Eagly & Johnson, 1990; Seyranian & Bligh, 2007), the effectiveness and evaluation of leaders (Eagly, Karau, & Makhijani, 1995; Eagly, Makhijani, & Klonsky, 1992), and leadership emergence (Lips & Keener, 2007). These leadership studies of men and women have identified similarities and differences not only in how and under what conditions men and women lead, but also in how they follow each other. Eagly and Johnson (1990), in their meta-analysis of 162 studies, examined the leadership styles of women and men across three types of studies—organizational studies, laboratory experiments, and assessment studies—and found that women “tended to adopt a more democratic or participative style of leadership and a less autocratic or directive style than ...