Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: October 18, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412979344 | Print ISBN: 9781412960830 | Online ISBN: 9781412979344| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this handbook
Chapter 84: Women as Leaders in Alternative Media
Danna L. Walker
Women as leaders in alternative media Women have played important roles in American journalism since colonial times, working in the beginning as both printers and newspaper publishers despite the fact that they had no legal rights and little formal education. Their full participation in what would come to be called mainstream media came gradually thereafter, sometimes in spectacular fashion, such as with Margaret Fuller's breakthrough in the 1840s as the first American women foreign correspondent, Ida B. Wells-Barnett's campaign against slavery in the 1890s as owner of the Memphis Free Speech , and Gloria Steinem's influence as cofounder of Ms . in the early 1970s. Throughout their long history of close ties to media, women have had to grapple with complex ideologies concerning their place in society, their representation in the public sphere, and the power and influence of the media structure. This has meant that women have worked on ...