Feminism may be defined as an ideology that critiques and resists patriarchy-the institutionalized, social subordination of women by men. Although ideological differences exist among women who identify as feminists, challenging sex inequality and the systematic oppression of women remains a common struggle for most feminists. In general, the term Chicana refers to a U.S.-born woman of Mexican descent who possesses a sociopolitical consciousness of her status as a nonwhite, historically working-class woman living within the U.S. dominant culture. As with feminist women, Chicanas encompass diverse ideologies, and some Chicanas choose not to identify themselves as feminists. Other labels often used for Chicana women, such as Latina and Hispanic, may also be challenged and vehemently resisted by some Chicanas. Historical evidence has been documented to reveal women's participation in revolutionary and political movements throughout Latin America even before the 20th century. What is known as Chicana feminism emerged out of several ...